Ed., with notes and Introduction, Sir Philip Sidney, An Apology for Poetry (Bobbs-Merrill, 1969); rpt. in The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism (2001).

The Shape of Things Known: Sidney’s Apology in Its Philosophical Tradition (Harvard University Press, 1972).

Wallace Stegner (Twayne Publishers, 1977 – with Margaret G. Robinson).

In Bad Faith: The Dynamics of Deception in Mark Twain’s America (Harvard University Press, 1986).

Ed. (with Susan Gillman), Mark Twain’s Pudd’nhead Wilson: Race, Conflict, and Culture (Duke University Press, 1990).

Love’s Story Told: A Life of Henry A. Murray (Harvard University Press, 1992).

Having It Both Ways: Self-Subversion in Western Popular Classics (University of New Mexico Press, 1993).

Ed., with Introduction, etc., The Cambridge Companion to Mark Twain (Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Ed., with Introduction, etc., The New Western History: An Assessment, a special issue of the Arizona Quarterly 53 (1997).  Reprinted as The Territory Ahead: An Assessment of the New Western History (University of Arizona Press, 1998).

Ed. (with Shelley Fisher Fishkin), Mark Twain at the Turn-of-the-Century: 1890-1910, a special number of The Arizona Quarterly 61 (2005).

Ed., Rethinking California History, a special issue of Rethinking History 11 (2007)

The Author-Cat: Clemens’ Life in Fiction (Fordham University Press, 2007).

(With Gabriel Noah Brahm Jr. and Catherine Carlstroem) The Jester and the Sages: Mark Twain in Conversation with Nietzsche, Freud, and Marx. (University of Missouri Press, 2011).


“The Sense of Disorder in Pudd’nhead Wilson,” in Mark Twain’s Pudd’nhead Wilson, eds. Susan Gillman and Forrest G. Robinson (Duke University Press, 1990), 22-45.

“Mark Twain’s Travel Writing,” in The Cambridge Companion to Mark Twain (Cambridge University Press, 1995), 27-51.

“Afterword,” for Mark Twain’s Merry Tales (Oxford University Press 1996), 1-14.

“Clio Bereft of Calliope: Literature and the New Western History,” in The New Western History: An Assessment, a special issue of the Arizona Quarterly 53 (1997), 61-98.

“Mark Twain 1835-1910: A Brief Biography,” A Historical Guide to Mark Twain (Oxford University Press, 2002), 13-51.

“Dreaming Better Dreams: The Late Writing of Mark Twain,” Blackwell Companion to Mark Twain (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2005), pp. 449-65.

“Introduction,” Rethinking California History, a special issue of Rethinking History 11 (2007), 1-9.

“An Interview with Kevin Starr,” Rethinking California History, a special issue of Rethinking History 11 (2007), 11-30.


Deliver Us From Evil: Canonical Literary Representations of National Crimes Against Humanity (two chapters completed, several more in the works)


“A Note on the Sidney-Golding Translation of Philippe de Mornay’s “De la verite de la religion chrestienne,” Harvard Library Bulletin 17 (1969), 98-102.

“Wallace Stegner: An Interview,” Quarry IV (1975), 72-84 (with Margaret G. Robinson).

“An Interview with Wallace Stegner,” American West 15 (1978), 34-37, 61-63 (with Margaret G. Robinson).

“The Roosevelt-Wister Connection,” Western American Literature 14 (1979), 95-114.

“Seeing the Elephant: Some Perspectives on Mark Twain’s Roughing It,” American Studies 21 (1980), 43-64.

“Why I Killed My Brother: An Essay on Mark Twain,” Literature and Psychology 30 (1980), 168-81.

“The Silences in Huckleberry Finn,” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 34 (1982), 50-74.

“Wallace Stegner’s Family Saga: From The Big Rock Candy Mountain to Recapitulation,” Western American Literature 17 (1982), 101-16.

“Social Play and Bad Faith in Tom Sawyer,” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 39 (1984), 1-24.  Reprinted in Critical Essays on The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, ed. Gary Scharnhorst (New York: G.K. Hall, 1993), 160-78.

“The Eyes Have It: An Essay on Jack London’s The Sea-Wolf,” American Literary Realism 18 (1985), 178-95.

“A Usable Heroism: Wallace Stegner’s Beyond the Hundredth Meridian,” South Dakota Review 23 (1985), 58-69.

“Patterns of Consciousness in The Innocents Abroad,” American Literature 58 (1986), 46-63.

“The Virginian and Molly in Paradise: How Sweet Is It?” Western American Literature 21 (1986), 27-38.

“The Characterization of Jim in Huckleberry Finn,” Nineteenth-Century Literature 43 (1988), 361-91.  Reprinted in The Critical Response to Mark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn, ed. Laurie Champion (Greenwood, 1991), 207-25; and in Race in Mark Twain’s Adventurres of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Claudia Durst Johnson (New York: Greenhaven Press, 2009), 81-88.

“Heroism, Home, and the Telling of Shane,” Arizona Quarterly 45 (1989), 72-100.

“The New Historicism and the Old West,” Western American Literature 25 (1990), 103-23.  Reprinted in Old West-New West, ed. Barbara Howard Meldrum (University of Idaho Press, 1993), 74-96.

“Uncertain Borders: Race, Sex, and Civilization in The Last of the Mohicans,” Arizona Quarterly 47 (1991), 1-28.

“A Combat with the Past: Robert Penn Warren on Race and Slavery,” American Literature 67 (1995), 511-30.

“An ‘Unconscious and Profitable Cerebration’: Mark Twain and Literary Intentionality,” Nineteenth-Century Literature 50 (1995), 357-80.

“Innocence, Irony and Art: Notes on Jean Stafford’s The Mountain Lion,” The Southern Quarterly 34 (1995), 63-69.

“Images of California: Contemporary Writers of the Golden State,” California State Library Foundation Bulletin 54 (January 1996), 3-7, 25-31.

“The Ungraspable Phantom of California,” Western American Literature 34 (1999), 212-16.

“Spiritual Radiance, Expressive Delight: the Baroque Historiography of Kevin Starr,” California History 78 (1999), 274-85.

“Remembering Carey McWilliams, ” Western American Literature 34 (2000), 411-33.

“Dear Editors,” a letter to the Atlantic Monthly (September, 2000), p. 8.

“War is God: Cormac McCarthy’s Early Fiction,” Literature and Belief 21 (2001), 163-76.

“Josiah Royce’s California,” Western American Literature 36 (2002) 37-53.

“Fathers and Sons in Stegner’s Dream of Man,” Arizona Quarterly 59 (2003) 97-114.

“We Should Talk: Western History and Western Literature in Dialogue,” American Literary History 16 (2004) 132-43.

“Introduction” (with Shelley Fisher Fishkin), Mark Twain at the Turn-of-the-Century: 1890-1910, Arizona Quarterly 61 (2005) 1-6.

“The General and the Maid: Mark Twain on Ulysses S. Grant and Joan of Arc,” Arizona Quarterly 61 (2005) 41-56.

“The Jester and the Sage: Twain and Nietzsche” (with Gabriel Brahm), Nineteenth-Century Literature 60 (2005) 137-62.

“Deliver Us From Evil: Clemens, Grass, and the Past That Refuses to Become History,” Arizona Quarterly 65 (2009), 1-38.

“James D. Houston, Californian,” California History 87 (2010) 6-25

“Writing as Penance: National Guilt and J. M. Coetzee,” Arizona Quarterly 68 (2012), 1-33.